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What is Root Canal Treatment?

Root canal treatment is indicated in teeth that have developed a deep cavity with the involvement of the nerve in the respective tooth. The infection may spread through the infected nerve into the underlying bone and cause accumulation of pus associated with pain. The root canal treatment involves removal of the infected nerve. Once the nerve is removed the walls of the root canal are smoothened and enlarged to accommodate a filling material. Once the infection is drained, the root canal is filled with the filling material. Next, in 6-8 weeks the cavity on the tooth surface is filled a permanent filling material

Root Canal Treatment

When a dental pulp (nerve) is traumatized, diseased, or dead, it must be removed and replaced with a root canal filling. The filling material may vary from the most popular, rubber like material, gutta-percha, to sterling silver, other metals, plastic, or various cements. The procedure usually requires one or two appointments. The root canal procedure typically is not painful, but some discomfort may be present during treatment and healing. In most situations the therapy is not finished after the root canal has been completed, because the tooth is now weak. Often a reinforcing metal post is inserted into the tooth through the opening in the top of the tooth. Many teeth are still too weak or unpleasant looking, and a crown (cap) is required to make the tooth both functional and beautiful. The minimal therapy required for a dead tooth is root canal only.

What are the signs of gum disease?

  • Gums that are red, puffy or swollen, and tender
  • Gums that bleed during brushing or flossing
  • Teeth that look longer because your gums have receded
  • Gums that have separated, or pulled away, from your teeth
  • Teeth that have shifted or loosened
  • Changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • Pus coming from between your teeth and gums
  • Constant bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth

How does Plaque form?

Plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film of a bacteria or germs that is constantly forming on your teeth and gums. If it is not brushed off after you eat, it combines with sugars present in food particles to produce acids which attack and harm your teeth. Plaque is the real villain behind both tooth decay and gum disease.

Plaque turns food stuck between the teeth and acid which attacks the tooth enamel. With repeated acid attacks, the enamel wears away and a cavity is formed. Once a cavity forms the decay spreads to the next layer - the dentine . But if the cavity is filled by a dentist, the decay can be stopped. If the cavity is not treated at the dentine stage, the decay spreads deeper into the pulp and this can be very painful.

In the last stage the decay spreads to the root and causes an abscess, accompanied by severe pain. At this stage, only root canal treatment can save the tooth. In some case, the tooth may have to be extracted.

What are sensitive teeth?

If you've ever felt a painful sensation in your teeth after drinking or eating hot or cold food and beverages, you've experienced tooth sensitivity. And you're not alone. It's a condition that affects one out of four adults, often coming and going over time. The most common cause of sensitive teeth in adults is exposed tooth roots due to receding gums. Because these roots are not covered by enamel, thousands of tiny channels leading to the tooth's nerve center (pulp) are exposed. When heat, cold or pressure touch these channels, you feel pain.

Ignoring your sensitive teeth can lead to other oral health problems. This is especially true if the pain causes you to brush poorly, making you vulnerable to tooth decay.

Proper Nutrition is Important for Good Dental Health

The sugars from soft drinks and non-nutritional foods combine with the bacteria in our mouths which produces acids that attack tooth enamel. This can lead to cavities and gum disease. Limiting the amount of beverages and foods that are high in sugar can greatly help to maintain good dental health.

Dental Problems Do Not Get Better or Go Away Without Treatment

If your dentist gives you a treatment plan for dental work that you need to have done, you should focus on getting your teeth fixed as soon as possible. Even cavities continue to get bigger. If they get big enough to reach the nerve in your tooth, your only options would be to have a root canal or have the tooth extracted

A Root Canal is Usually Not Painful

I can’t tell you how many times I have heard a patient say, “Just pull the tooth, I’ve heard root canals are horrible.” With today’s technology, root canals are nothing like most people think. I have had root canals and I was pleasantly surprised every time. In my opinion, a root canal is as painless as having a filling.

Dental Check Ups Include Oral Cancer Screenings

When you go for your regular dental check up, your dentist and hygienist are also screening you for any signs of oral cancer. Every hour of every day, someone dies of oral cancer. This serious dental disease which pertains to the mouth, lips or throat is often highly curable if diagnosed and treated in the early stages. Visiting your dentist for regular check ups and avoiding tobacco are the key factors in preventing oral cancer

Gum (Periodontal) Disease Affects Your Overall Health

Gum disease is one of the main causes of tooth loss in adults and has also been linked to heart disease and strokes. If diagnosed in the early stage, gingivitis, can be treated and reversed. If treatment is not received, a more serious and advanced stage of gum disease, called Periodontitis, which includes bone loss may follow. Brushing twice a day, flossing daily, regular dental check ups and cleanings are the best prevention against gum diseases.

Bad Breath Could be the Result of a Dental Problem

About 85% of people with persistent bad breath have a dental condition that is to blame. If bad breath is the cause of a dental condition, mouthwash will only mask the odor and not cure it. Don’t be embarrassed to talk to your dentist, they are there to help you. Flossing daily and brushing your teeth & tongue twice a day can greatly reduce and possibly eliminate bad breath.

Dental Cleanings and Check Ups are Extremely Importan

Going to the dentist for regular check ups & cleanings is one of the most important factors in maintaining good oral health. Regular check ups can prevent cavities, root canals, gum disease, oral cancer, and other dental conditions. Don’t wait until you have a problem before you see your dentist, help prevent problems before they happen.

Brushing Twice a Day Helps to Keep the Cavities Away

When you brush your teeth, properly, at least twice a day, you are removing the plaque that causes cavities. Plaque is the soft and sticky substance that accumulates on the teeth from food debris and bacteria. Flossing daily will remove the plaque from in between the teeth that the toothbrush cannot reach. Removing plaque from your teeth also helps to prevent gum disease.

Maintaining Good Dental Health is Easy

Some people think that having good dental health takes too much effort. Seeing your dentist for regular dental check ups and cleanings, brushing twice a day, flossing daily and eating a nutritional diet are the key factors in having healthy teeth and gums. Now, what’s so hard about that?

You Should Change Your Toothbrush Every 3 Months

Manual toothbrushes become worn out after about 3 months and are not as effective as they once were. If you have gum disease, you should change your toothbrush every 4 - 6 weeks because bacteria can harbor in the bristles. You should always rinse your toothbrush out with hot water after every use and change it after you have been sick